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Wednesday, April 12, 2006

The Principles Of Our Path

Prof. Dr. Mahmud Es'ad Cosan
(Taken from a lecture given on May 10, 1997 in Stockholm, Sweden)

Dear Brothers and Sisters! May the Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be with you. May He grant you bliss in this world and in the hereafter. May He honor you with His Beauty in His Paradise.

Before starting our discourse today, I would like to point out this fact: as the authority was handed in to us through the elderly of the tariqa, we have links to various tasawwuf tariqat. We belong to the following orders: Naqshî, Qàdirî, Suhrawardî, Cheshtî, Kubrawî, Mawlawî, Bayrâmî, and Khalwatî.

Our chain of legitimacy (silsila), through our late shaikh Hadrat Mehmed Zâhid-i Bursevî, is the Gumush-khânawiyya sub-branch of the Khalidiyya branch of the Naqshibandiyya tariqa. Through a wonderful dream, I was declared to be the proxy of Aziz Mahmud Hudâî and admitted to the dargah of the Bayramiyya tariqa, which has been abandoned and left in ruins in Ankara. Later I studied the silsila of Hadrat Aziz Mahmud Hudâî and realized that he belonged to the tariqa of Haji Bayram Velî.

In another dream I had when I was in Makkah al Mukarramah, despite my statement that I was a Naqshî, a shaikh initiated me to Mawlawî tariqa--the tariqa of the master Mawlâna Jalal-addin Rûmî. He was, too, among the children of Hadrat Imam Suhrawardî. Hence, we have links to the prestigious and beloved paths of tasawwuf.

a. General Principles

There are nine principles in these tariqat:

1. Adherence to the Qur'an and Sunnah

Our first principle is to adhere to the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. We obey the Qur'an and follow the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet. We seek refuge from Allah against all that is outside of Qur'an and Sunnah. We are on the path described by the Qur'an and Sunnah. Our creed is the creed of Ahl-i Sunnah wal-Jamaah. We seek refuge from Allah against all beliefs that contradict the aqida of Ahl-i Sunnah.

Our first principle is the obedience of the Qur'an al-Karîm and the Sunnah of the Prophet. That is why we study a hadith book in our tekke on a regular basis as practiced by our late teachers. It is studied to train, to advance and to illuminate the novices and the disciples. We may read various collections of ahadith, yet we keep the discourses on the ahadith read from Ramuz al Ahadith, which is a collection of ahadith [in alphabetical order] which is prepared by Shaikh Ahmad Ziyauddin Gumush-khanawi. In the preface of this book, Ahmed Ziyauddin Gumush-khanawi Rh.A says: "By the permission of Allah, the novices who study this book will become inquiring scholars and true Sufis who had reached the stage of truth."

We are not like those who merely utter the words that they follow the Sunnah yet contradict it in actions and indulge in bid'ah. We read a book on Sunnah, a book of the ahadith of our beloved Prophet, and try to lead a life in accordance to the Sunnah of the Prophet.

We do this because there are some ahadith stating that when people become corrupted and degenerated spiritually, those who uphold the Sunnah of the Prophet, who study it, teach it and practice it will be rewarded with 100 martyrdom rewards. It has such a great reward.

While a person with the reward of martyrdom is promised paradise, the rewards of one hundred martyrdom is an indication of how much Almighty Allah loves those who upheld the Sunnah during a time people are mostly corrupted.

Alhamdulillah we have the intention and determination to follow and uphold the Sunnah of the Prophet from our physical appearance to our inner world, from our body to our heart, in all things we do and in all conditions we are in.

Our elderly in the tariqa followed this path and principle. If one studies the personages in our silsila, it will be seen that they were great scholars on Sharia. They all upheld the Sunnah; most of them prepared interpretations of the Qur'an and compiled collections of Hadith. They also produced works on the Jurisprudence. We are not merely uttering the words; the evidence exists.

Our elderly have been remembered with their loyalty to the Sharia. As a matter of fact, recently we have been criticized and attacked for our loyalty to the Sharia, which is an honor for us. They try to denounce us by saying "This tariqa is pro Sharia." I wish we had clipped such newspaper articles and put them in a box to be buried with us when we die. Let it be an authentic proof. "With the testimony of the friends and foes, Alhamdulillah, we are loyal to the Sharia. Alhamdulillah we are pro Sharia. Let it be known." It would be just like the case with Ottoman ruler Yavuz Sultan Selim who collected--in a box-- the fatwas (approvals from an Islamic point) issued by Abus-Suud Effendi and requested that the box be buried in his grave.

The first principle of our path is following the Glorious Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet.

We accept and approve all of the authentic books of ahadith. You can study any of them. Be it Râmûz al-Ahadith, Riyadhus-Sâlihîn of Imam Nawawî, Muhtârul-Ahadîthin-Nabawîyya, Imam Bukhârî, Imam Tirmidhî, Imam Nasaî, Imam Abû Dâwud, Imam Ibn-i Majah, Imam Ahmad Ibn-i Hambal, or the Muwatta of Imam Mâlik. We accept and recommend them all.

To Be Continued...


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